Romantic relationship breakup: A fresh design to learn negative effects of strain on anxiety (-like) symptoms

Romantic relationship breakup: A fresh design to learn negative effects of strain on anxiety (-like) symptoms

Romantic relationship breakup: A fresh design to learn negative effects of strain on anxiety (-like) symptoms

The occurrence of a stressful event is considered to increase the risk of developing depression. In the present study we explore whether the breakup of a romantic relationship can be used as an experimental model to study a depression-like state during a period of stress in individuals without a psychiatric disorder. The primary aim of our study was to investigate: 1) whether individuals with a recent romantic relationship breakup (‘‘heartbreak”) demonstrate symptoms of depression, 2) how to describe heartbreak characteristics based on data from a comprehensive questionnaire battery, and 3) whether this description can capture severity of depression symptoms. Secondary, we were interested in gender differences with regard to the above study objectives. Subjects who have experienced a relationship breakup in the preceding six months (N = 71) or are in a romantic relationship (N = 46) participated in our study. A questionnaire battery was administered to acquire information related to depression, mood, the breakup and (former) relationship. Principal Component Analysis with Procrustes bootstrapping was performed to extract components from the questionnaire data. Even though our sample of individuals who recently have experienced a relationship breakup can be on average considered non-depressed, group-level depression scores were elevated compared to individuals in a relationship (p = .001) and 26.8% reported symptoms corresponding to mild, moderate or severe depression. We described heartbreak by two principal components interpreted as ‘‘sudden loss” and ‘‘lack of positive affect”, respectively. Highly significant correlations between the component scores and depression scores were found (p < .001 and p < .001, respectively), although these correlations differed between the genders. Based on these findings, we propose that the experience of a romantic relationship breakup is a viable experimental model to examine symptoms of depression in individuals without a psychiatric disorder. This way, stress-related coping and depression vulnerability can be studied in further research.

Citation: Verhallen In the morning, Renken RJ, ) Connection break up: An experimental model to analyze effects of strain on depression (-like) symptoms. PLoS One to fourteen(5): e0217320.

Copyright: © 2019 Verhallen ainsi que al. This might be an open availability post distributed beneath the terms of this new Imaginative Commons Attribution License, and therefore it permits unrestricted play with, distribution, and you can reproduction in virtually any medium, given the first journalist and you will provider is credited.

Connection breakup: A fresh design to learn effects of strain on despair (-like) episodes

Analysis Availableness: The details are not held within a general public data source due so you can restrictions from the informed concur (victims haven’t offered consent to possess the study in public areas kept) and you can Western european studies confidentiality statutes (GDPR). The content come with the consult. A document availability panel might have been set up, comprising Prof G.J. ter Horst (Dominating Investigator of one’s analysis), J.B.C. Marsman and Prof A beneficial. Aleman (direct of your Cognitive Neuroscience Cardiovascular system), that will remark needs and you will to make certain the means to access of your own study. So it availability committee would be attained through

Funding: The analysis try financed of the a contribution regarding Mr Hazewinkel to help you the analysis College away from Behavioral and Cognitive Neurosciences and you can Prof G.J. ter Horst. Mr Hazewinkel had no character for the study construction, investigation range and analysis, choice to publish, or planning of manuscript.


Stressed life-situations are believed to get exposure points toward development of anxiety. Kendler ainsi que al. investigated new interplay anywhere between exhausting incidents, hereditary predisposition and you may despair certainly females twins and discovered one to one another inheritance and you can density of tiring events resulted in this new onset of depressive periods by themselves. Particularly situations with a high feeling feabie com beoordeling, like death of a close partner and divorce case, elevated the probability of developing an effective depressive occurrence, whilst greater part of people don’t produce a depressive occurrence after the contact with a distressing enjoy. And therefore, research targeting stressful and you will emotionally upsetting events can give beneficial understanding with the individual differences regarding stress-related dealing additionally the outcomes of stress and you may anxiety.

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